Monday, June 8, 2020
Behavioral Theory Sensation, Perception, Consciousness, Motivation, Emotion, and Learning - Free Essay Example
Behavioral theory approach is based on the fact that behavior is learned from the past experiences. It also states that the same way a behavior can be learned it can also be unlearnt or reconditioned. This is a theory based on the fact that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. There are two superior types of conditioning which are classical and operant conditioning. Operant conditioning can be defined as an act of trying to modify behavior using either positive or negative reinforces (Atkinson, 1996).Classical conditioning entails associating two different stimuli with a response that has been learnt. Behavioral theory is applicable in our day to day life be it in our personal, professional, social life and community activities(Cherty, 1963). In the behavioral theory teachers use operant conditioning. This is where they reward students when they are correct and motivating them when they are wrong. Studentsare always motivated when they are rewarded for performing well. In this case, students tend to pass and will strive to do even better since they learned once they perform well they are rewarded. This is positive reinforcement (Fowles, 1987). Teachers tend to use negative reinforcement for example punishments, whipping students and suspensions to discourage indiscipline in classroom setups. In this case, students will avoid being indiscipline or breaking school rules, since they know once they break school rules they will be punished. With this, a school can maintain their students(Fowles, 1987). In our communities, classical conditioning has been used as a very successful way to modify undesirable behaviors, for example, substance abuse drinking and smoking(Rescorla, 1988). In this case, counselors or the society as a whole try to make the victims associate the undesirable behavior with unpleasant effects like causing accidents when you drive while you are drunk or even get diseases due to abuse of drugs. Classical condition is involved in the elimination and formation of ouremotion responses. A person elicits responses as a result of the stimuli in the environment around you. Classical conditioning helps us understand the many emotions we express (Rescorla, 1988). Classical conditioning can be used to reduce fear in people. This can be done by counterconditioning(Rescorla, 1988). In this case, you pair the stimuli that cause fear with stimuli that give positive emotions, for example, a person who is afraid of dogs and loves vanilla ice cream is shown the dog then given the ice cream he or she will associate the dog with a good feeling and hence reduce their fear of dogs. Parents can use operant conditioning in training their children on the basic skill they need to know for example washing hands, toilet training, teeth brushing and sharing. In this case, you will have to reward the child once you notice them doing the correct thing (Atkinson, 1996). The reward must be immediately, and the parent must be consistent in rewarding till they see the child has fully learned the desired behavior(Atkinson, 1996). In workplaces, the managers or bosses can use positive reinforcement in boosting the performance of workers. The manager could award the best employee or even promise salary increment on workers who reach targets in case of sales.This will motivate employees to even work harder(Cyert, 1963). In conclusion, the behavioral theory plays a significant role in the elimination and formation of a person behavior. Any behavior learned can also be unlearnt and even modified through the classical and operant conditioning.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Greek and Roman Concepts of Citizenship and Government Joe Wickenden, Sarah Dowling, Ginger Snyder, Leone Hansen HIS/341 October 27, 2014 Joel Getz Greek and Roman Concepts of Citizenship and Government The definition of citizenship in Greek and Roman cultures can be described much differently than the current democratic definition of contemporary nations. The Roman Empire differed from the Athenian Amphictyony and the Assyrian Empire as well as the sunder later emperors such as Vespasian. There were also structural problems within the government of the Roman Empire. This paper will explore the models of government and citizenship that Ancient Roman and Greek peoples employed along with how well they worked. Citizenship inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Ancient Civilizations, 2014). They were responsible for establishing the type of government called a republic. A republic is a type of government that expects an active role from every citizen, not just the politicians in power. Each citizen was responsible for electing representatives that would rule on their behalf. The citizens were the focus of the Roman Republic. The status of a citizen evolved dramatically throughout the Roman Republic. All males over 15 that were true descendants of the original tribe became citizens (Ancient Civilizations, 2014). Full citizens of Rome had many privileges such as voting, practicing commerce, holding public office, and marrying freeborn citizens to name a few. Some citizens that were not considered full citizens maintained some rights, but could not vote or hold office. A third type of citizen could not hold office or marry free born women but could practice commerce and vote. CitizensÃ¢â ¬â¢ rights would change throughout the Roman republic, but the republic aspect did not change. An important aspect of the Roman Government was the Senate. The Senate was first set up as a group of 100, then later the Roman Kings expanded the group to 300 (Ancient Civilizations, 2014). The senate convened and passed laws and practiced skills that would help to persuade ruling bodies. The Roman Empire was in a location that benefited the empires defense against enemies. The location of the Roman Empire in the MediterraneanShow MoreRelatedThe Greek and Roman Influence over Modern America1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Greek and Roman Influence over Modern America The Greeks and the Romans were among the most influential societies in the history of the world. Evidence of Greek or Roman influence can be found in almost every culture or country that has ever existed. Though both cultures were different in practice and incredibly competitive with one another, their politics and their beliefs set the stage for future civilizations, including those of the modern world. In particular, the values and practices ofRead MoreGovernment in Ancient Greece and Rome Essay example1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNot only does it allow the student to study great literature of Ancient Greek and Roman writers, but allows them to develop both written and spoken language while learning of great men and their achievements. Without the knowledge of the past, it is impossible to look forward toward the future. To be considered an educated person in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, it is imperative that one possesses an understanding of ancient Greek and Roman civilization. The Founding Fathers of our nation believed this and usedRead MoreRoots of American Democracy Essay642 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesorigin in ancient Greek thinking, the Enlightenment, as well as the English and their injustice, The United States owes its birth as a country to many areas of influence. The Ancient Greeks were the first to put the power of a nation in the hands of the average citizen, they created the idea of the democratic government, practiced as a direct democracy. Voting, political assembly, and official citizenship are all concepts that can be traced back to Classical Grecian ideas .The Romans developed theRead MoreThe West Human Rights1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesworld. The significance of rights discourse in the Western tradition thus emerged in the context of a legal discourse in which legal texts were privileged and exercises of authority were restrained by rigorous reference to these. The fact that the concept of human rights originated in the West does not undermine its universal applicability. The creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) signifies the recognition of human rights across the world. Forty-eight states voted in favor ofRead MoreDahl, on Democracy Essay1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbecome the most widespread political form of government during the past decade, after the fall of all its alternatives. During the second part of the 20th century, the 3 main enemies of democracy, namely communism, fascism and Nazism, lost most of their power and influence. However, democracy is still only to be found in less than half of this worlds countries. China with a fifth of the total population had never experienced a democratic government and Russia still doesnt have a well establishedRead More Democracy Essay1012 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbecome the most widespread political form of government during the past decade, after the fall of all its altern atives. During the second part of the 20th century, the 3 main enemies of democracy, namely communism, fascism and Nazism, lost most of their power and influence. However, democracy is still only to be found in less than half of this worlds countries. China with a fifth of the total population had never experienced a democratic government and Russia still doesnt have a well establishedRead MoreThe Fullness of Time1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesby Paul in Galatians, Ã¢â¬Å"When the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son.Ã¢â¬ The religious preparations for the advent of the Messiah and the subsequent rapid emergence of Christianity were brought about politically by the Romans and intellectually by the Greeks, while the religious contribution of the Jews was more intimate because of heredity. Ã¢â¬Å"In the period of ChristianityÃ¢â¬â¢s birth and during the first three centuries of its existence, conditions were more favorable for its spread throughRead MoreColosseum, Arch of Titus, Basilica of Constantine, Palace of Docletian1354 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiffusion of culture, and spread of Christianity, but has also shaped the entire way of living done throughout the civilization. The Romans were known for having original ideas, being initiative, and finding ways to creating never before done architecture. It was so well done and detailed, that it soon became a type of Roman art form. The most famous known structures in Roman architecture are the Colosseum and the Arch of Titus. The structures that still stand still to this day are the Basilica of ConstantineRead More Roman Empire Innovations Essay1583 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRomans found new societal and technological innovations which led their empire to be a sustainable society. These innovations helped the Roman Empire to be successful and peaceful. They aided in making everyone content, including the conquered and prevented wars from breaking out within the empire. Technological innovations helped the citizens live a comfortable and healthy life. New innovations included new beneficial laws. The last king of Rome was Tarquin the Proud. A harsh tyrant, he was drivenRead MoreDecline And Fall Of The Roman Empire1310 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessaid that the Roman Empire was the greatest Empire in history. They destroyed their enemies and took their land. They had control of the Mediterranean Sea and all of the trade that went through it. Places like the Pantheon were constructed and laws such as stare decisis were created. The Roman Empire was an empire that many people wanted to live under. Then, like all empires eventually do, it fell. Looking at history, there are nine possible reasons for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. The
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A famous author John Green said, Ã¢â¬Å"Whenever you read a cancer booklet or website or whatever they list depression among the side effects of cancer. But, in fact, depression is not a side effect of cancer. Depression is a side effect of death (Ã¢â¬Å"The Only Thing WorseÃ¢â¬ ).Ã¢â¬ Occasional bad moods or acting out is to be expected, but depression is something different. Depression can destroy the very essence of a teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s personality, causing an overwhelming sense of sadness, despair, or anger (Ã¢â¬Å"A Guide for ParentsÃ¢â¬ ). The depression rate in the teenÃ¢â¬â¢s generation is rising every day. Teenage depression is not just bad moods and occasional melancholy; itÃ¢â¬â¢s a serious problem that impacts every aspect of a teenÃ¢â¬â¢s life (Ã¢â¬Å"A Guide for ParentsÃ¢â¬ ). To betterÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Though they may seem like fiercely independent, implying they want nothing to do or need from their parents, teenagers still have needs for at tention (Ã¢â¬Å"Common Causes of Teenage DepressionÃ¢â¬ ). If the teen does not get a lot of attention from their parent they may feel disowned or helpless because their parent does not show/give the love or the respected attention from the parent. Society judges the depressed teens, kids, and adults; the teens are told it is going to be alright everything is going to work out. When the teen thinks about those words, they wonder is it really ever going to get better. The teenagersÃ¢â¬â¢ just need someone to talk to and this generation does not know how to talk about their feelings anymore they are expressing it on social media. The social rejection can lead to a problem with drug use and bullying in adolescence contributes to the development of depression (Aguirre 77). Knowing that the teen is going to be distressed on a personal level by things they have no control over and that can easily throw the teen into the downward abyss spiral of depression (Ã¢â¬Å"Common Causes of Teen age DepressionÃ¢â¬ ). The social anxiety and peer pressure for teens is unbreakable the feeling of being pressured into doing terrible things causes teens to go into depression because they feel as if they have to maintain a Ã¢â¬Å"reputation.Ã¢â¬ Keeping a reputation in high school can be strapping because of all the anxiety a teen getsShow MoreRelatedTeen Depression : Causes And Effects Of Teenage Depression1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTeenage Depression Hopeless, lonely, insecure, empty, suicidal; these are all words that people hope never come out of a teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s mouth, but sadly they do often. Many teenagers struggle with depression on a daily basis. The severity of depression ranges anywhere from crying every night to attempting suicide. About 3.5 million teenagers suffer from depression and about 3 million of them think about committing suicide each year (Martin 6). There is a huge increase of teen depression, especially inRead MoreAcademic Stress Causes Teenage Depression989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAcademic Stress causes Teenage Depression Academic stress is very common in studentÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Many students assume that making the academic experience their first priority now, will increase the chance of success in the future. School is an important aspect in most teenagers lives and by being so important a teenager can become depressed very effortlessly at school or because of school. Academic stress can take complete control over a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s life, sometimes leading to depression. At school thisRead MoreDepression : A Serious Problem1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDepression is an illness that involves the body, mood and feelings that have an emotional impact on the way a person eats and sleeps, the way an individual feels about themselves, and the way an individual thinks about things. Depression is a serious mental illness and thousands of people suffer from it every single day. It is an extremely serious problem that affects every aspect of the life of a teen that is suffering from depression. Ã¢â¬Å"Approximat ely 20 percent of teens will experience depressionRead MoreThe Causes of Adolescent Depression1189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAmerica, one in every five teens has clinical depressionÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Safe TeensÃ¢â¬ ). Do you know someone who suffers from teenage depression, or maybe a friend or family member? Or maybe you, yourself, may suffer from teenage depression. Well you are not alone. Many teens in America, as well as the rest of the world, are affected by teenage depression. Depression is an effect for many teens, with many causes. As a result, there are three major causes for teenage depression such as: Genetics, Environment, and UnhealthyRead MoreTeenage Depression And Teen Depression792 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Teen depression, which is also known as adolescent depression, is a growing problem in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Depression among teenagers is overlooked by many and is often mistaken for Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ teenage behavior. This mental illness is one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Depression is predominantly seen amongst young women who are transitioning into adulthood. Teenagers are at a point in their lives where they come face to face with the reality of peer pressure and a milestone in becomingRead MoreDepression Is The First Leading Cause Of Suicide1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesToday in America, depression is the first leading cause of suicide. Reported in recent statistics, every year, thousands of people succeed in taking their lives and even more have attempted suicide at some point (Hyde and Held 8). Although it is an afflicting concern today, depression dates back to centuries ago, but wasn t fully recognized as a clinical illness until the 1960 s. At this poin t, depression treatment was only available to adults because it was so unlikely for adolescents to experienceRead MoreAnti Depressants in Teens727 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesanti-depressants. The big question is, are they really a cure for depression or just a mental steroid. An anti-depressant is a medication used to treat depression and other anxiety disorders. When proscribed to children and teens there can be severe side effects such as an increased chance to commit suicide or have suicidal thoughts or actions. This risk of suicide is higher for people under the age of 25. (Mayo Clinic Staff). Teenage usage of anti-depressants has been a controversial issue for manyRead MoreTeenage Depression - Teen Suicide1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesyearsÃ¢â¬â¢ teenage depression has drastically increased due to multiple factors such as peer pressure and bullying. According to Linda LambÃ¢â¬â¢s article Young People Can Suffer From Depression, Too,Ã¢â¬ The suicide rate among teenagers [today] is about 10 per 100,000Ã¢â¬ . A handout from the Health and Human Services Department and National Institute of Mental Health stated,Ã¢â¬ in the last 25 years, the rate of suicide among teenagers and young adults has increased dramatically.Ã¢â¬ The awareness of teenage depressionRead MoreEffects Of Teen Pregnancy On Teenage Pregnancy1620 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOffice of Adolescent Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). Teenage females associated with childbearing expose themselves to many risks and negative effects that can affect their future. Females result with many consequences due to teenage pregnancy. This paper will strictly focus on the effects females experience through teenage pregnancy. The reader will be able to develop an overall understanding of the causes of teen pregnancy. Also, the reader will be able to distinguish the psychosocialRead MoreSuicide Among Teenagers1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among 15 to 24-year-old (Green, Paragraph 1) Teenage suicide is the intentional act made by teenagers usually below the age of 19 to take their lives. Suicide is not thought of in a day. It is a series of processes that goes on in the mind before manifesting. Although, during these processes there are visible signs that shows a prospective suicidal person. There are factors that trigger and cause the act of suicide in a teenager. Most of these factors
Design Of An Aquatic Centre Construction Essay This undertaking study aims at the design and building of an aquatic Centre at Vellore Institute of Technology ( VIT ) in India. The completion clip of the undertaking is expected to be around March 20th, 2011.The four stages of Project Management Body of Knowledge ( PMBOK ) are used in the building and planning of undertaking. Besides the different countries of PMBOK such as range, clip, cost, quality, hazard, procurance, human resource, communicating and integrating are applied for transporting out the different stages of undertaking. Undertaking Description The mark of the undertaking is to construct an aquatic Centre for swimming, diversion and amusement activities dwelling of a 50 meter Olympic sized swimming pool and an bordering smaller pool for aqua aerobic exercises, plunging, H2O Polo and canoe Polo activities. Undertaking Name The undertaking name is assigned as VIT Aquatic Centre . Undertaking Location The location of the undertaking is designated at Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Undertaking proprietor and patron The Aquatic Centre is under the ownership of VIT University, Vellore, who besides acts as the undertaking sponsor chiefly for the coordination between the undertaking squad and the proprietor. The undertaking is financially powered by ICICI Bank and HSBC Bank in India along with the Reliance group. Undertaking Manager Bianca Baby, Sajeev Philips Abraham and Chen are chosen as the undertaking directors officially by the VIT University whose chief undertaking is to guarantee undertaking completion on clip within the restraints and restrictions of undertaking. Undertaking Vision Concluding end of the undertaking is to construct a modern aquatic Centre appropriate for swimming, diversion and amusement activities to the members of VIT University. The Phase of Project The undertaking is calculated to get down at the starting of 2nd semester of 2010 and the undertaking continuance is estimated to be about one twelvemonth. By the beginning of 2011 June the aquatic Centre is expected to be unfastened to the members of VIT University. The undertaking will be carried during the vacations other than the public vacations. After the undertaking completion an review by the University s schoolmaster is organized which is expected to take about 5 yearss. Before the gap a general cleansing of the premises will be ensured. Outline1 Users and stakeholders:2 9.1. Purpose of the undertaking3 9.2. Context of the undertaking4 9.3. Background of the undertaking5 9.4. Implementation construct of the undertaking6 9.5. Technology7 9.6. Undertaking Scope8 13. The value proposition for patron9 14. Constraints and Premises10 14.1 Constraints11 14.2 Premises12 15. How stages can ease bringing of future stages13 20. Cost Management:14 20.1 Cost Budget Estimation15 20.2 Cost Control Users and stakeholders: User Students, instructors and staffs of VIT University Contractor Hindustan Construction Company Saf Engineers, India Suppliers Ultra Hygienic Pvt. Ltd. Crystal Pools Pune, India Akon Electronics India Pvt Ltd Kirloskar Electric Owner VIT University 9.1. Purpose of the undertaking The chief aim of the undertaking is to build an aquatic Centre where the pupils and staff of VIT University can pattern assorted swimming, amusement and recreational activities. The aquatic Centre is aimed to hold a larger swimming pool adjoined by a smaller pool which is planned to be constructed in the Olympic size theoretical account with all the most modern techniques. 9.2. Context of the undertaking The chief intent of building the aquatic Centre is to advance H2O games at the VIT University. 9.3. Background of the undertaking As the involvement on H2O games has increased in the recent times, VIT University aims at giving particular preparation and most modern aquatic Centre installations to the pupils interested in this country with the execution of this aquatic Centre. Besides, aquatic Centre is viewed as an effectual method for disbursement leisure clip for pupils and staffs of VIT University. The university which has a long tally even though has a liquid pool does nt include modern techniques for pupils to pattern the H2O sports.Also, the old swimming pool is really little and frequently finds hard to suit a big figure. Othello (2470 words) EssayTable: 3 Internal Cost Estimation Component Number of people working Pay rate per hr Hours worked Entire Cost ( AUS $ ) Floor Tiling 50 30 4000 950,000,000 Grapevines N/A N/A N/A 80,000,000 Dressing Suites N/A N/A N/A 4,000,000 Plumbers and Electricians 50 30 2000 3,000,000 Bet oning Area N/A N/A N/A 80,000,000 Seating Agreements N/A N/A N/A 10,000,000 Heating and Cooling N/A N/A N/A 20,000,000 Lighting N/A N/A N/A 40,000,000 Supervisors 20 20 2000 800,000 Directors 20 30 2000 1,200,000 Sub-staffs 50 10 2000 1,000,000 Sub-Total 1,190,000,000 Table: 3 External Cost Estimation Component Number of people working Pay rate per hr Hours worked Entire Cost ( AUS $ ) Measurement of aquatic Centre business country 40 20 2500 2,000,000 Transportation system and Emergency N/A 100 2000 200,000 Security steps 4 20 2500 200,000 Cleaning, healthful and waste disposal 10 10 2000 200,000 Planing and having layout 12 20 200 5,000 Standardization of installations 14 10 300 3,000 Equipments installing and testing 10 10 200 5000 Inspection 20 10 300 4000 Fundamental Civil Construction of aquatic Centre 15 10 200 5,000 Parking Space N/A N/A N/A 2,000,000 Sub Total 4,600,000 20.2 Cost Control A set of mention baselines is established by the undertaking director before get downing the undertaking. In the ulterior phases as the work progresses, the work is monitored and findings are analysed. The terminal consequences are tried to be forecasted and a comparing with the mention baseline is done. On analyzing if the terminal consequences are non found to be satisfactory, accommodations are made by the cost control squad during the work advancement, thereby reiterating the rhythm at required intervals. If end consequences are wholly different from the baseline thought or program, program is subjected to alter by the patrons. Largely, mention baselines are subjected to alterations and whenever this happens a alteration in baseline program is occurred. In practical facets cost control of undertaking is a small hard which is clearly evidenced by the failure of many undertakings to overlook the costs. Preparation of cost control involves a batch of work and this should be good started at the beginning of the undertaking. Therefore undertaking director must be able to keep the yarn of undertaking cost control during the full undertaking span. It is duty of the undertaking director to maintain records of major paperss including Business Case, Capital Request Approvisation, Work Packages, and Work Breakdown Structure, Project charter, Project Budget and Cost Baseline constructions. All these actions indirectly contribute in efficaciously commanding the undertaking cost to the mention baseline approximated.
Monday, April 20, 2020
The Victims Of Rape The Victims of Rape Rape is a crime that not only takes hurts someone for the moment, but it shatters their entire life. Most women never fully recover from being a victim of rape. There are all different types of women who are raped each day, yet there tends to be a specific profile for the most frequent rape victims. There are many factors that come into play when dealing with rape, such as: the victim-offender relationship, alcohol consumption, and a prior record. Also there are many myths about the rape victim. Rape is an extremely sensitive issue for women, victims and non-victims alike. The Uniform Crime Reports and the National Crime Victimization Survey indicate that Black and Hispanic women are at a higher risk for being a victim of rape than White women. Women from ages 20-24 are the most likely to experience rape crime. Women with less education and lower income are also at a higher risk of becoming a victim of rape. Those women that are in the lowest family income category experience the highest rate of rape. Also the women who reside in the city are twice vulnerable to rapes than that of women who live in suburban or rural areas. Finally, unmarried women tend to be victimized more than married women. Thus, the model rape victim would be a black, unmarried female with little to no education, ranging from ages 20- 24, who lives in a central city, obtaining a low income. Fifty-five percent of women are victimized by someone whom they know; the remaining are raped by a stranger according to The National Crime Victimization Survey Report. A stranger injures sixty percent of women in some way during a rape. Regardless of the relationship between the victim and offender, most women report their victimization. More females who know their offender do not report the rape, than those whose offenders are strangers. Women are more likely to report a rape victimization if she sustained a serious injury, she required any type of immediate medical attention, or if the offender used a weapon in the crime. Bachman's study confirmed the findings of the NCVS report. In analyzing the relationship between the rape victim reporting the crime and their social/economic status, found that victims of a lower social/economic status report the rape more frequently than those of a high status. Amir's study of forcible rapes concluded that the presence of alcohol in the victim only occurred in ten percent of the victimizations. Richardson and Campbell found that the victim was considered to be more responsible for the rape when she was drunk. The victim was liked less and perceived to be more immoral and aggressive when she was under the influence of alcohol. However, Norris and Cubbins suggested that the man was attributed a higher degree of responsibility than the women, when both had consumed alcohol. In a series of interviews of rape victims conducted by Diana Russell, the majority of women expressed surprise that they were rape victims. They also had two widely held myths about rape: first, that it is very difficult, if even possible, for a woman to be raped; and second, that the rapist would be a stranger to them, not a friend. One woman stated that she did not refuse a date with a man, who eventually raped her, from her English class because she though it would have been rude. Another women did not report her rape because she believed that people would think that the rape could not of happened to a woman who did not want it or allow it to happen. All the women interviewed discussed common culturally held myths about rape: if they had been a ?good? girl it would not of happened, it was their fault because they should not of worn the outfit they were wearing, they should not of gone out with the guy, or that they did not fight back hard enough. Hursch's review of the results of the 1973 Denver study, discussing attitudes towards rape are not surprising. Some of the myths analyzed are: ?Most ?rapes' are false accusations filed by women who are trying to get even with some man.? ?Rape is a
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Childrearing Among the Lower Classes of Late Medieval England essays Barbara Hanawalt's, Childrearing Among the Lower Classes of Late Medieval England, examines the practices and pitfalls of parental dynamics during the late 13th and early 14th century in English villages such as Bedfordshire and Oxford, as well as the comparably larger city of London. Focusing on children's ages from the time of birth till their twelfth birthday, Hanawalt bases her research on coroner's inquests of the time to garner statistics from which she extrapolates evidence to support her conclusions. The coroner's inquests from this time period were required by law, and detailed in regards to the cause of death, the members of the household, and their activities at the time, their residences, and their occupations. Through these detailed transcripts, Hanawalt attempts to create a vignette of peasant life, and therefore the circumstances in which children were raised to the age of twelve, at which point they were considered adults by society during that time. Hanawalt's motivation for conducting her social type of historical research is based upon dispelling earlier research by Philippe Aries, in his book Centuries of Childhood. Aries's book contends that contemporary sentimental notions of childrearing developed during this time "in response to the loss of other familial functions to the centralized state and the exigencies of industrialization" (pg. 23), and that this could outweigh familial bonds. Hanawalt counters these assertions by methodically introducing her own conclusions based upon statistical data as well as detailed circumstances in relation to them. Furthermore, she begins by pointing out that Aries garners his research and conclusions from the upper class, while ignoring the peasant majority. Also, she points out that Aries' research is incomplete due to it starting with children aged seven, and ignoring ages from infancy till six. Due to the peasant majo...
Friday, February 28, 2020
Wireless networks technology - Assignment Example Nowadays we can see the huge number of applications of the wireless networking in almost every walk of life and business. There are numerous applications of wireless networking. Through the wireless networking technology the office or home based working becomes easier. We have obtained new facilities regarding the domestic life and place of working in a business, for instance, now it has become easier to have the facility of the data and information sharing, printers, files, and Internet access among entire structure of the computers network. For instance someone has a printer at home and he wants to print a file through the laptop. In this scenario there is no need to link the laptop with the printer. Simply, he has to give the command of print and wirelessly linked printer will print the document (Swan). The fundamental advantage of the wireless technology is the elimination and mobility of unsightly cables. Here we have another main advantage in maintaining the network structure. We need to put less effort to establish and configure the Wireless networks. A more significant aspect of this Wireless networks technology is less costly establishment of network structure.In case of LAN the main disadvantage of the Wireless networks technology is about the limited coverage of the Wireless networks architecture in a working structure. Another main disadvantage of this technology is about the less feasible potential for the wireless radio technology interference in case of bad weather. S